The Coalition for the Protection of Greyhounds has labelled Ballarat's track as "one of Australia's most lethal" following the passing of a dog last week.
In a race at the Morshead Park complex last Wednesday, Who See Lucy collided with a group of other dogs at the first turn and fell, sustaining a fractured radius and ulna in her right foreleg.
She was euthanised after the race.
According to the CPG, the death was Ballarat's 10th in 2020, and places it third behind Bendigo with 13 deaths and Ipswich in Queensland with 11. Warragul also has 10 deaths this year.
The CPG said the death of Who See Lucy illustrated many of the problems inherent in the greyhound racing industry.
"Who See Lucy was running in an eight-dog race, on a curved track, and broke her leg. The racing industry's own research shows that six-dog races and straight tracks are safer, yet still they persist in putting greyhounds in harm's way," Dennis Anderson, national president of the CPG, said.
"The industry must also rethink its on-track euthanasia practices. A broken leg shouldn't be a death sentence for a healthy young dog like Who See Lucy.
"This lack of treatment and rehabilitation shows a callous disregard for animal welfare.
"The only way to end greyhound suffering is to ban greyhound racing. But until that happens, the industry must reduce on-track deaths and injuries by implementing safer tracks with an emphasis on straight tracks and six-dog races."
CPG's proposals are part of a five-point plan developed to reform the racing industry. As well as safer tracks, the plan includes whole-of-life tracking of a greyhound, a reduction in breeding, funding of sanctuaries and increased penalties for mistreatment.
Ballarat Greyhound Racing Club general manager Rod Ward deferred to Greyhound Racing Victoria for comment on CPG's comments.
"The loss of a greyhound is distressing for all concerned," a GRV spokesperson said.
"The decision to euthanase was made by a qualified on-track veterinarian based on humane grounds.
"All track deaths are investigated and GRV is committed to ensuring greyhounds race on the safest tracks possible."
The spokesperson said greyhound racing had undergone massive reform in the past five years with welfare and integrity priorities for all involved.
"GRV introduced the Greyhound Recovery Initiative in December 2016 which provides financial support for treatment of greyhounds seriously injured at a race meeting," the spokesperson said.
"The Victorian Government's Code of Practice for the Keeping of Racing Greyhounds has welfare requirements over and above that of any other animal.
"GRV has a long-term strategy to make our tracks safer and we are collaborating with Professor David Eager from UTS to develop a scientific underpinning for safe racing.
"GRV has used this approach to rebuild the Horsham track and in the current rebuilding of the Traralgon track.
"Any changes we make at other tracks will be based on sound research and scientific evidence."
The Ballarat Cup final will be held this Saturday night.