Police found five guns, ammunition and drugs during a search at an Alfredton house on Friday morning.
Detectives from the Illicit Firearms Unit searched the Cedar Avenue address about 8.30am.
They found five firearms, including two handguns, ammunition and drugs believed to be methylamphetamines.
A 31-year-old Alfredton man will be charged with possess a traffickable quantity of firearms, posses firearms and ammunition on a prohibition order, prohibited person possess firearms and possess methylamphetamine.
The man is expected to face an out of sessions remand hearing at Ballarat Magistrates' Court on Friday night.
Watch the detectives remove items from the Alfredton house below.
A 31-year-old Alfredton woman was also arrested and will be charged with possess traffickable quantity of firearms and non-prohibited person possess firearm.
She is expected to be bailed to appear in court at a later date.
The Illicit Firearms Unit, which commenced in September 2020, targets the manufacture, trafficking and use of illicit firearms across Victoria.
The unit focuses on deterring and disrupting firearms-related crime and targeting groups who are involved in the trafficking and use of illicit weapons.
The search at the Alfredton property was conducted as part of a Firearm Prohibition Order compliance search.
The seizure of illicit firearms and removal of their potential to cause further harm in the community is also a key focus for the new team.
Anyone with information about illicit firearm activity is urged to contact Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000 or submit a confidential crime report at www.crimestoppersvic.com.au.
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